Centre of Excellence for Climate Change and Water Research

Centre of Excellence for Climate Change and Water Research

In recent years the emphasis on understanding the exogenic and endogenic processes operating on Earth have moved towards adopting a more holistic view of the Earth as a ‘system’ comprising of lithosphere, biosphere ,atmosphere and hydrosphere. The most important example of this is ‘Integrated’ system is Earth’s climate system, which requires the understanding of atmosphere, ocean and land system and their interaction within and societies and technologies. In India, our research priorities have not responded to these changes. As a result, the climate change in India is highly unidirectional and we have failed to respond the multi-dimensionality of the problem. Climate change is no longer a ‘myth’ and it needs interdisciplinary approach to understand the impacts and to develop mitigation strategy in particular reference to the Indian Scenario.

Climate research has been a top priority in developed countries like USA and European countries for several decades in order to developed strategies to minimize the impact of Climate change. This is also an integral part of the strategic planning of top universities and research institutions in the world. India being a fast developing nation, is emerging as a major player in climate research in recent times. Suresh Gyan Vihar University, an institution of excellence and prominence made a diverse group of researchers, should offers its expertise and make a collective effort to actively pursue climate change scenarios in India for the survival of the nation whose economic growth and huge population is including irreversible climate changes day-by-day.

Centre for Climate Change and Water Management at Suresh Gyan Vihar University involves a large number researchers from geosciences, physics, engineering, chemistry etc. Present and future engagements of the centre will be ranging from understanding of atmospheric phenomena, climate simulation models, paleoclimate reconstruction, linkage between climate and river basin dynamics, flood hazards, impact on climate on hydrologic cycle and water resources and economic impact of climate change. Apart from faculties and researchers from Suresh Gyan Vihar University, several people from different institutes, and Govt. bodies, industries across the country, also engaged in focused on climate-related research, have expressed their interest to actively participate in this activity. The major objective of setting up this center is to initiate a multi-disciplinary approach to understand the forcing functions of climate change and respond of natural systems and then to develop India-centric strategies for mitigation and adaptation.

The issue of global climate change and its impact on socio-economic and natural resources has become a major concern in all parts of the world. Although there is some scientific consensus on the triggering factors and enormity of the impacts of climate change but these factors must be spatially variable. Similarly, the impact of climate change in different parts of the world would also be different, primarily a function of socio-economic conditions and existing regional climatic regime. Several international collaborations in the earth and environmental sciences have been facilitated by inter- governmental organizations and international professional societies to advance the science of climate change and to assess the impacts. Economic and policy aspects of climate change have become central to foreign policy and international relations of several countries. A critical need remains for coordination and collaboration amongst various disciplines of science, engineering and technology directed to climate change mitigation and adaptation strategies. Technological innovation and major shifts in energy generation and use are essential to mitigation of climate change impacts. The combined global resources of sciences and engineering disciplines in research and training must be effectively and rapidly mobilized to meet these rapid challenges. We must discover, develop and broadly apply physical and institutional solutions for collective survival.

In order to understand the recent climate changes and to accurately predict the climate variability in future, it is essential to study the natural variability in climatic past in millennium, century, and decadal scale. Understanding climate variability within the recent past is extremely important to determine the magnitude, frequency and rate of past climate changes, so that the General Circulation Model (GCM), or regional climate models can realistically simulate and predict future climate change. Some outstanding questions which remain unanswered till date are:

  • How did Natural and anthropogenic climatic forcing vary in the past?
  • How sensitive was (and is) the climatic system to these forcing, and in particular to the anthropogenic forcing in recent past?
  • What caused the natural greenhouse gas and aerosol variations? What is the rate at which these are added to the atmosphere?
  • To what extent can palaeodata constrain climate sensitivity and the carbon cycle- climate feedback?
  • In what precise sequence and over what timescales did changes in forcing occur and how long did it include changes in the climate and ecological systems?
  • How do we assess the impact of climate change on natural resources e.g. water resources and on ecological systems?
  • How do we develop socio-economic strategies to adapt to changing climate –technological solutions, social engineering, and public participation?
These questions demand a multi-disciplinary approach and a coordinated effort to find answers and to move forward. It is important that the combined resources of science and engineering at our university are effectively and rapidly mobilized to take up the challenges of climate change research and to find ways to mitigate the impacts of climate change for our collective survival.


GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

The primary goal of this center would be to develop infrastructure facilities for climate research and coherent, multi-disciplinary research group and manpower to take up large projects of national and social relevance.
The specific objectives of the center are envisaged as under:

  • To generate new data and knowledge on the climate variability (spatial and temporal variations and forcing functions) of the Indian sub-continent and its bearing on global scale
  • To impart training for capacity building and manpower development in earth systems and climate studies.
  • To develop infrastructural facilities for climate change research related to observational, experimental, analytical and modelling studies.
  • To facilitate information, literature and data collection and dissemination related to climate change scenarios in India.
  • To make policy makers aware of the key issues related to climate change.

What C3WR will deliver

Being a research based university C3WR is a first combine effort to accelerate our past year scattered research and is dedicated to high quality research on the earth largest ever problem since human civilization pronounced as Climate Change. As global warming and climate change is not only a issue of the change in earth’s natural processes, it is enlarge a threat for human civilization as it attacks on the thin balancing threads of global natural processes, socioeconomic system, political system and civilization. another worse part related to this problem is that lack of sufficient knowledge of climate change and its impacts inviting world nations in front of each other for example failure of the Copangahan summit. The institute or research Centre will deal with the various means available for climate change mitigation, focusing on the relative strengths and weaknesses of various societal alternatives including ‘geo-engineering’ and transitioning to less carbon intensive energy sources. Now question is that what steps might most profitably be taken to avert dangerous anthropogenic interference with Earth's climate, and the ramifications if such steps are not taken.

VISION AND MISSION OF THE UNIVERSITY

Through constant innovations, quality enhancement and persistent value addition, the University strives to fulfill its Vision and Mission. The University has created a system which ensures democratic decision - making and flexibility to introduce innovations and changes to meet the current needs as well as to achieve the overall goals of the University.

VISION

''To create a University with a different perspective: innovative research-driven academic programmes; engaging & retaining outstanding faculty; providing world- class, yet affordable, education in various areas of study, and thus to develop highly qualified and globally competitive professional experts capable of understanding the challenges of rapidly changing world and contributing to the evolution of society based on human values and peaceful co-existence".

MISSION

The Mission of Suresh Gyan Vihar University is to provide world class education in a wide spectrum of fields through effective and efficient processes so as to make it accessible to all sections of society that will best serve the Nation and mankind in the 21st century.